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As per the findings of the JD Power 2016 India Vehicle Dependability Study (VDS) released today, nearly half of all the 7,717 car owners surveyed indicate not experiencing any problems with their vehicle. The study The study, in its ninth year, measures problems experienced by original owners of 2.5- to 3.5-year-old vehicles in 169 different problem symptoms across nine vehicle categories. Overall dependability is based on the number of problems reported per 100 vehicles (PP100), with a lower score reflecting higher long-term vehicle quality. The study provides information about the quality of vehicles that are nearing the end of their warranty, and owners are assuming the responsibility for repair costs.
The study is based on evaluations from 7,717 original owners who purchased a new vehicle between July 2012 and September 2013. The study includes 70 models covering 15 nameplates and was fielded from January through April 2016 in 30 cities across India. The nine vehicle categories being evaluated are: vehicle exterior; driving experience; features, controls and displays (FCD); audio and entertainment; seats; heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC); vehicle interior; engine; and transmission.
Steady improvement in vehicle dependability
Overall vehicle dependability has made steady gains over the last three years with total reported problems standing at 185 PP100 in 2016, improving from 206 PP100 in 2015 and 218 in 2014. Furthermore, the proportion of owners who had taken their cars in for unexpected repairs this year has also declined since 2014 (27% vs. 37%, respectively). Owners whose vehicle needs unexpected repair work report more than double the number of problems than do those whose vehicle does not need such work.
Gap between repairs of diesels and petrols decreasing
The study also finds that while diesel vehicles continue to have more problems than petrol vehicles, the gap between them has narrowed marginally year over year, to 27 PP100 in 2016 from 29 PP100 in 2015. But more significant is the rate at which diesel vehicles are outpacing petrol vehicles in minimising the occurrence of unexpected repairs. The incidence of unexpected repairs for diesel vehicles has decreased to 29% in 2016 from 41% in 2014, while the incidence for petrol vehicles has fallen to 25% in 2016 from 35% in 2014. “Continuous improvements in vehicle quality are leading to fewer build quality issues and therefore fewer unexpected repairs in the first 2.5 to 3.5 years of a vehicle’s life. Over the last few years, diesel passenger cars have improved tremendously, as fewer owners are reporting quality issues with their vehicle than they were a decade ago,” said Mohit Arora, executive director at JD Power, Singapore.
Driving experience remains the biggest issue
Among the nine problem categories that encompass overall long-term vehicle dependability, driving experience accounts for more than 20% of all problems reported by owners. Compared with last year, owners report fewer problems in this category in 2016, with fewer issues related to strut/ suspension/ shock absorber and excessive or uneven tire wear being reported.
“Vehicles in India are operated under a variety of road and weather conditions that lead to varying degrees of quality deterioration which affects overall owner satisfaction and word-of-mouth recommendations. It is, therefore, important for manufacturers to understand and minimise this fact by designing products to not only achieve high levels of initial quality but also attain higher levels of longer-term reliability and durability,” said Shantanu Nandi Majumdar, director at JD Power, Singapore.
Customer advocacy and loyalty influenced heavily by dependability: Nearly two-thirds (64%) of owners who do not have to take their vehicle in for unexpected repair work say they “definitely would” recommend the same model to friends and family compared with only 52% of those whose vehicle has to have such work performed. Similarly, 46% of owners of more dependable vehicles say they “definitely would” repurchase the same make compared with 38% of owners of less-dependable vehicles who say the same.
Newly launched models have fewer problems: Owners of newly launched models at the time of purchase report 40 PP100 fewer than owners of models that had been available on the market in the previous years. The largest differences in the number of problems reported are in the vehicle exterior, engine and driving experience categories.
First-time vehicle buyers report fewer problems: Compared with repeat buyers, first-time buyers report fewer problems (197 PP100 vs. 177 PP100, respectively).